Operant conditioning uses both reinforcement and punishment. When you master this very effective psychology, you can teach a dog (or human family member) to reliably perform specific tasks. Stay with us on this one. It sounds much more complicated than it is!

The Basics

Positive Reinforcement (+R)

Positive reinforcement means the addition of something, like a treat. If a dog gets a treat when he sits, he’ll be more likely to sit.

Negative Reinforcement (-R)

In this case, the dog’s behavior causes something uncomfortable to go away. For instance, when a trainer wants a dog that is lying down to sit up, the trainer will pull the dog’s leash to an upward position, tightening the collar and creating minor discomfort. When the dog sits, the trainer slacks the leash, and the discomfort goes away.

Positive Punishment (+P)

Again, here the word positive means the addition of something; in this case, it’s the addition of a consequence. For instance, if a dog jumps on the owner and the owner pushes the dog away with an unpleasant sensation like a knee push to the dog’s chest, the dog will associate the discomfort with the action of jumping up, and be less likely to do so in the future.

Negative Punishment (-P)

As with negative reinforcement, the word negative means the removal of something. In the case of punishment, it’s the removal of a good thing. If a dog jumps on the owner and the owner steps back, removing himself and his attention, the dog will associate the loss of his owner’s attention with that particular action, and he’ll be less likely to repeat it in the future.

A Few More Behavioral Terms

  • Neutral operants: responses from the environment that neither increase nor decrease the probability of a behavior being repeated.

  • Reinforcers: Responses from the environment that increase the probability of a behavior being repeated. Reinforcers can be either positive or negative.

  • Punishers: Responses from the environment that decrease the likelihood of a behavior being repeated. Punishment weakens behavior.

Examples

  • It’s important to keep in mind that positive and negative punishments may be different for different dogs. Your dog has different likes and dislikes, just like you do. For example, if your dog doesn’t like having his head touched, a pat on the head may be negative reinforcement, rather than positive reinforcement. We’ll work with you to help determine the most effective strategies for your particular dog.
  • What about a dog that begs for food at the dinner table by barking? To the dog, barking has just offered food. Therefore he will repeat the same trick another day to earn food from the dinner table. To the owner, barking particularly at the dinner table is annoying, and he hates that. However, he achieves silence by giving the dog food and may do this often to prevent barking at the table. The two situations, stopping barking (negative) and giving the dog food to stop barking (reinforcement) presents two sides of the same coin.
  • People use the term positive to imply that they employ rewards as the key dog training method. Additionally, they use negative to refer to the obedience method based on corrections. However, the same people will use both negative and positive at a given time in the training session. Positive implies giving. For instance, giving the dog a treat. On the other hand, negative relates to taking away. For example, withdrawing attention from the dog or taking away pressure on the leash. Therefore, positive can either be good or bad depending on what the person gives his/her dog.

in summary

Operant Conditioning helps your dog understand that actions have consequences. Your pet will learn to moderate their behavior based on what happens after its actions. If their behavior comes with a perceived reward, it’ll repeat it. If there is no reward, or if they don’t enjoy the consequence, they’re less likely to repeat the behavior.

#positivereinforcement

Hi all! Hogan’s mom here: I thought this morning I would grace your Instagram feed with a photo of my Hoagie Bear wearing his muzzle like a big boy!! Yes, my husband and I have a puppy in the house, yes we are training him constantly, BUT it is also super important that we keep up with Hogan’s training as well! This includes his muzzle training. As you can see we are doing well — he now finally realizes he can lift his head up with it on 😂 some of you may be wondering, why is he wearing a muzzle? That’s an excellent question! I decided it was smart to put some training to use and get him used to wearing a muzzle if he were ever put into a situation that made him uncomfortable (my brother in law has a small child that Hogan is unsure of), OR we were in an area with a lot of stuff on the ground (Hogan is a trash mouth), and finally if he were ever to become injured or painful and needed to be seen by a vet I could confidently muzzle him since dogs tell you they’re in pain, usually, by growling/biting/lashing out. So, yeah! Those are my reasons...not to mention muzzle training in general can be SUPER helpful and honestly I feel like all dogs should be muzzle trained. It’s an awesome skill set to have, in my humble opinion 😁🐾
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#mymuzzlestory #muzzle #muzzletraining #train #training #dogtraining #muzzlepositivity #positivereinforcement #positivereinforcementtraining #dogstagram #blackandwhitedog #mixedbreed #mutt #muttstagram #educate #advocate #pinupsforpitbulls #ambassadog #2020 #ubbambassadog #showoff #dogsofcharmcity #goodestboy #alwaysinthekitchen #baskervillemuzzle
Hi all! Hogan’s mom here: I thought this morning I would grace your Instagram feed with a photo of my Hoagie Bear wearing his muzzle like a big boy!! Yes, my husband and I have a puppy in the house, yes we are training him constantly, BUT it is also super important that we keep up with Hogan’s training as well! This includes his muzzle training. As you can see we are doing well — he now finally realizes he can lift his head up with it on 😂 some of you may be wondering, why is he wearing a muzzle? That’s an excellent question! I decided it was smart to put some training to use and get him used to wearing a muzzle if he were ever put into a situation that made him uncomfortable (my brother in law has a small child that Hogan is unsure of), OR we were in an area with a lot of stuff on the ground (Hogan is a trash mouth), and finally if he were ever to become injured or painful and needed to be seen by a vet I could confidently muzzle him since dogs tell you they’re in pain, usually, by growling/biting/lashing out. So, yeah! Those are my reasons...not to mention muzzle training in general can be SUPER helpful and honestly I feel like all dogs should be muzzle trained. It’s an awesome skill set to have, in my humble opinion 😁🐾 • • • #mymuzzlestory #muzzle #muzzletraining #train #training #dogtraining #muzzlepositivity #positivereinforcement #positivereinforcementtraining #dogstagram #blackandwhitedog #mixedbreed #mutt #muttstagram #educate #advocate #pinupsforpitbulls #ambassadog #2020 #ubbambassadog #showoff #dogsofcharmcity #goodestboy #alwaysinthekitchen #baskervillemuzzle
Notre programme 2020-2021 🗓
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Pas mal de chose au programme pour la miss et moi au cours de l'année! 
Bien sûr tout ce fera avec le temps qu'il faudra, une limite de temps indéterminée 😉
Tout ceci commencera une fois qu'on aura pu recommencer le travail de base ✔
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Nos buts pour cette année et début d'année prochaine : - Travail sur les pieds: Harper déteste qu'on lui prenne les pieds donc ce sera la première chose à travailler pour qu'elle puisse voir la pareuse - Travail à l'attache/cible au sol/Stay: Miss devient en général très impatiente à l'attache car elle n'y ai pas habituée. Aussi indispensable pour la pareuse.
Je travaillerai d'abord la cible au sol ce qui nous aidera ainsi pour travailler l'attache - Travaille avec le target: 
Tout simplement parce que le target est un objet super utile que je souhaite absolument incorporer dans notre travail - Désensibilisation: Je veux que la miss gagne en confiance même si grâce aux premiers exercices qu'on a fait ensemble, elle est déjà beaucoup plus curieuse face à un objet qui lui fait peur - Travaille
Notre programme 2020-2021 🗓 ~ Pas mal de chose au programme pour la miss et moi au cours de l'année! Bien sûr tout ce fera avec le temps qu'il faudra, une limite de temps indéterminée 😉 Tout ceci commencera une fois qu'on aura pu recommencer le travail de base ✔ ~ Nos buts pour cette année et début d'année prochaine : - Travail sur les pieds: Harper déteste qu'on lui prenne les pieds donc ce sera la première chose à travailler pour qu'elle puisse voir la pareuse - Travail à l'attache/cible au sol/Stay: Miss devient en général très impatiente à l'attache car elle n'y ai pas habituée. Aussi indispensable pour la pareuse. Je travaillerai d'abord la cible au sol ce qui nous aidera ainsi pour travailler l'attache - Travaille avec le target: Tout simplement parce que le target est un objet super utile que je souhaite absolument incorporer dans notre travail - Désensibilisation: Je veux que la miss gagne en confiance même si grâce aux premiers exercices qu'on a fait ensemble, elle est déjà beaucoup plus curieuse face à un objet qui lui fait peur - Travaille "intrinzen": Je voulais absolument que cette étape soit faite avant son débourage. Pour être sûr qu'elle soit prête physiquement - Débourage : Cela inclut toute les étapes précédentes ainsi que les étapes "habituelles". Le débourage sera fait à SON rythme, rien ne presse 😉 Je vais prendre mon temps de faire les choses correctement! ~ Voilà la liste pour l'instant. Je doute que tout sera fait dans l'ordre 😜 (Sauf la dernière étape) Je sens que je vais en apprendre des choses! 🧠